Call a plumber immediately as this can become an expensive problem very quickly. If the numbers have not changed, you likely don't have a leak in your water main. However, you'll want to call a plumber to come out and diagnose your water pressure issues.
A fast drop in only one faucet means there's a problem with the faucet. Rapid low pressure affecting one area of the house may mean a corroded pipe issue. An abrupt water pressure drop affecting the whole house may mean a water main break (municipal water) or a well pump problem (well water).
In addition to the mains stop valve outside the home, you'll have one inside. Your internal stop valve is most likely beneath the kitchen sink. Your external stop valve is owned by the water company. If it's open yet the pressure here falls below one bar, it's their responsibility to improve it.
Clogs in your water supply pipes that lead to low water pressure are an issue for your plumber. Your plumber needs to assess the pipes to determine if cleaning is possible to remove buildup within the line or if the pipes need to be replaced.
A quick and easy way to increase water pressure (for homes supplied by a municipal water system) is to adjust the pressure-reducing valve, which can be found on the main water-supply pipe; look for a conical-shaped valve next to the water meter, close to where the main water pipe enters the house.
Check for a pressure-reducing valve (PRV) mounted on your water main. Most come set from the factory for 50 psi, but you can adjust them up or down by turning a screw on top. PRVs can also go bad after 10 to 20 years. So if yours is old, it might be time to replace it.
Low water pressure can be a symptom of a wide range of underlying conditions. While the appropriate response to some issues is to simply wait for the problem to resolve, other problems will require contacting a plumbing professional for emergency water leak repair.
It may be caused by debris such as dirt, sand, solidified oil and grease, food particles, or foreign objects. Pollutants can block pipes if they back up due to fractures in the water main. Mineral buildup clogs pipes over time and causes the water pressure to go down, as there's less space for water to travel through.
If you notice a sudden drop in your water pressure, this should be reported to your local water provider. If neighbours are having the same problems, it could be that there is a leak in the mains water pipe, stopping a lot of the water getting into your home in the first place.
To return to full pressure only takes seconds. Flushing and recirculating takes minutes if you open all the taps, with the exception of tank water heaters.
Shut off the cold water at the faucet behind the washing machine, and then disconnect the hose from the faucet. (Be careful as it will be full of water.) Screw the pressure gauge onto the faucet, and then open the faucet all the way to test the pressure.
If there's an accumulation of sediments in your hot water tank, it can lower your water pressure. The presence of kinks in the flexible water pipes used in water heaters can result in low water pressure. If the shut-off valve isn't fully open, water pressure can drop.
Some of the first signs of a failing pressure regulator are a leaking water heater or commode. The water coming from a faucet may also exit with such force that splashing or water “hammering” may occur.
If you have a combi boiler or unvented system, you're unlikely to experience any issues with low water pressure. However, with a gravity fed system, you may run into problems if you don't buy a shower suitable for your water pressure.
Water pressure regulator replacement: $250 to $1,000. Pipe section replacement: $500 to $4,000.
Typically, water pressure regulators cost about $50 to $100 on average1, though you could end up paying up to $2001 depending on the size of incoming water line.
Water systems which operate at 1.0 bar pressure (10 m of drop) or greater are considered high pressure systems. Those with a pressure less than 1.0 bar are considered low pressure. When you're ready to choose a tap or shower, you'll find the water pressure it's suitable for will be clearly labelled.
Find the spigot closest to your source of water. Make sure all the taps and other water uses are turned off in your house. Now turn on the spigot and see how long it takes to fill the bucket. Dividing the number 60 by the time to fill the bucket will give you the gallons per minute number.
Water pressure is measured in 'bar', and generally speaking, anything 0.3 bar or below requires a low water pressure tap or shower, and anything at 1.0 bar or above requires a high water pressure tap or shower.
An easy way to describe it would be, water flow is how MUCH water flows down a faucet, and water pressure is how HARD the water falls down the faucet. Both water pressure and water flow are related to friction. Friction will slow down water as it moves through a pipe, depending on the pipe's texture and diameter.
Typically, the recommended interval for replacing the water pump is every 60,000 to 100,000 miles, depending on various factors, such as the car model, road and weather conditions, and driving behavior.