Natural gas heaters (also known as NG heaters) use about 1 therm per hour per 100,000 BTU's. For a typical size 400,000 BTU pool heater, that's 4 therms per hour. Currently, natural gas runs about $1.50 per therm near Tampa. The average cost to heat a pool for one hour on natural gas is around $ 7.00.
You can figure about 5,000 watts or 5 kilowatts per hour per 100,000 BTU's for a heat pump. For a typical 100,000 BTU heat pump, that's 5 kilowatts per hour. The national average for Electricity runs $. 13 cents per kilowatt hour.
On average, natural gas burns about 1 therm per 100,000 BTUs per hour (British Thermal Units). Meaning, an average pool heater between 300,000 and 400,000 BTUs will cost anywhere from $3.30 to $4.40 per hour to heat your pool.
As long as you are willing to wait for the pool to heat, it is cheaper to turn off the heater when you aren't using the pool. BTUs are BTUs. The pool needs a certain amount to heat to a certain temp and will lose a certain amount.
These stop rapid heat loss from happening, keep pool water from evaporating and have the extra benefit of keeping your swimming pool cleaner. If you live in an area where the ambient temperature change from day to night is not huge, then it's ok to run your heater overnight too.
If you want an energy-efficient way to heat your pool, consider using a heat pump pool heater in mild climates. Solar water heaters are cost competitive with other types of water heaters and have low annual operating costs.
Night Air is Cooler
Sometime, the air temperature will drop even lower than the pool water. Since the pool water temperature will not change that much within one or two hours, the cooler air makes the water feel warmer than it was previously.
We have found that turning the heater off at night allows the water to cool rapidly. The heater then has to burn at a higher rate in the morning to make up the lost heat. The higher you turn the burner the lower the heating efficiency and the greater the heat loss from the exhaust gases.
Turn down the temperature
The easiest way to reduce your swimming pool heating bill is to turn your temperature down. For every 2 degrees you turn down your temperature you will be saving around $40 per month. So reducing your temperature of your pool from 84 degrees to 78 degrees can save you $120 per month.
However, overall a heat pump generally heats a pool after 24 to 72 hours by 20-degrees Fahrenheit. For smaller pools like a spa pool, the heat pump can heat a pool between 45 and 60 minutes.
The size of your pool also matters, with larger pools costing more to heat than smaller ones. On average, however, a gas heater costs around $200 to $400 a month to run. Electric heat pumps cost less, coming in at about $100 to $200 a month.
You have a 20,000-gallon pool and use a 125,000 BTU heater. Your water is currently 70 degrees F but you would like it to be a minimum of 80 degrees F. How long will it take before the pool water reaches 80 degrees F? 10 x 1.33= 13.34 hours of heating before the pool reaches 80 degrees F.
Heat pump pool heaters cost more than gas pool heaters, but they typically have much lower annual operating costs because of their higher efficiencies. With proper maintenance, heat pump pool heaters typically last longer than gas pool heaters. Therefore, you'll save more money in the long run.
The average pool contains about 20,000 gallons of water, roughly 5,000 gallons more than the typical human will drink in a lifetime, and pool pumps use up to 2,500 KWh per year to circulate and filter it.
The heater uses 2.8KW.
Using the heater only when the water dips below a certain point keeps the energy consumption down. For the average person, a pool that is 78 degrees or higher is comfortable. If you are trying to save money or energy, run your heater only when the pool water temperature dips below 78.
The required time it takes your pool to heat up depends on several factors such as heat pump size, air temperature, pool size, and material used to heat the pool. However, the overall time it takes a pool to heat up usually lies between 24 to 72 hours, which heats the pool by 20°F.
Set your pool heater's thermostat to a temperature between 78°F and 82°F (26°C and 28°C) to keep the majority of swimmers comfortable. Maybe a little cooler if you're in an area with very hot summers, or a little warmer if you live in a milder climate.
Picking the Perfect Temp
Pool water temperatures typically run between 78 and 82 degrees. Any cooler than 78 and you may come out of the pool shivering. Any warmer than 82 and you may feel like you're taking a bath.
As such, there's no universal rule about whether rain water makes swimming pool water warmer or cooler; it all depends on whether the rain is warmer or cooler than the pool. If the rain is cold, it may cool down your pool water.
Why is it colder at the bottom of the pool than the top of the pool? Answer 1: This is because the surface of the water absorbs heat from the air and the sun! Heat from the sun is transferred to the pool via radiation, and heat from the air is transferred to the pool via convection.
This black hose trick uses solar energy in a simple but clever way to heat the pool. Purchase a black garden hose. Unravel the hose and connect it to the water tap outside your house. Then run the hose to a spot that gets direct sunlight, and wrap the house in coil formation in the direct sunlight.