At what temperature does a pool freeze? Chlorinated and non-chlorinated pools freeze at the same temperature. However, salt water pools will freeze at a slightly lower temperature. It should also be noted that above-ground pools will generally freeze at a higher temperature than inground pools.
Water molecules spread out when they are bonding into a solid crystalline structure. This spreading-out action leads ice to be less dense than liquid water, causing ice to float. This spreading-out action of the water molecules during freezing also means that applying pressure to water lowers the freezing point.
Lower the water level to below the skimmer. Clear pipes and equipment of water using a blower or compressor and plug the pipes at the pool. Add swimming pool antifreeze to the lines to prevent freezing. Place a Gizzmo* (or similar device) in the skimmer to seal it and absorb pressure from ice.
The freezing point depression of a 12% Sodium Hypochlorite solution (which also has 9.4% salt due to the manufacturing process of chlorine) is 15.3C or 27F so the freezing point is -15.3C or 5F.
When looking at chlorine gas dissolved in water, the solubility of the gas, as with most gases, decreases with increase in temperature of the water....
to 0 psi (0 Bar). that can happen in valves, flexible connectors or manifolds where the chlorine gas has gone back to liquid state and is then rapidly re-evaporated. Obviously there is no freezing on the inside and the frost is merely an indication of the outside surface temperature and high humidity.
Mild climate pools often freeze across the surface overnight. However, if the ice sheet becomes thicker than ¼” to ½”, it will put pressure on your pool tile and skimmers as the ice expands. Most pool tile is frost-free, but you should keep the water under the perimeter pool tile band to be safe.
Pool chemicals are sensitive to extreme temperatures as well. Avoid letting liquids freeze as they could begin to separate, making them unusable. Storing chemicals outside or in extreme heat can cause liquids to expand or the chemicals to release gases, causing leaks and spills.
Helpful tips to keep your pool and its equipment safe during freezing temperatures. Run your pool pump continuously when temperatures are near or below freezing. You don't need to run your heater, moving water likely will not freeze.
Keeping your pool warm is the most effective way to avoid freeze damage, period. As long as you can keep your pool water moving, and at a constant temperature above the freezing point of 32 degrees, you're safe.
Pipes can freeze at 32 degrees or below, but it will take a sustained period of time for this to happen. In other words, a pipe needs to be at freezing temperatures for at least half a day before homeowners have to worry about any freezing occurring.
Factors Affecting the Freezing Point
Types of molecules: If the intermolecular forces between the molecules of a liquid are strong, its freezing point also becomes high. In contrast, if the intermolecular forces of attraction between the molecules are weak, then its freezing point becomes low.
Sugar lowers the freezing point of water, which makes frozen desserts fair game for changes in freezing point. Most desserts freeze between 29.5 to 26.6 degrees F (-1.4 to -3.0 C) depending on the concentration of sugar.
freezing point, temperature at which a liquid becomes a solid. As with the melting point, increased pressure usually raises the freezing point. The freezing point is lower than the melting point in the case of mixtures and for certain organic compounds such as fats.
Liquid Chlorine has the shortest shelf life of all your pool chemicals, losing up to 50% or half of its potency six months from when it was first opened and up to 90% after a year.
There is no harm in using liquid chlorine after storing it through the winter, but it will be less effective than when initially purchased. Pool chlorine comes in different forms with differing levels of stability.
If you have an above ground pool with the pool filter system and plumbing above ground (like nearly all above ground pools), pipes and pumps can freeze up in less than an hour of minus 32 degrees.
If the pump tries to run when it's still frozen, it can burn out the motor through all the straining. Or if you're lucky, it will trip the circuit breaker before that happens.
Approximately 2.5 parts of ascorbic acid are required for neutralizing 1 part chlorine. Since ascorbic acid is weakly acidic, the pH of the treated water may decrease slightly in low alkaline waters. Sodium ascorbate will also neutralize chlorine.
Chlorine reacts explosively or forms explosive compounds with many common substances including, acetylene, ether, turpentine, ammonia, fuel gas, hydrogen, fluorine, and finely divided metals.
Gaseous chlorine at low temperatures and in the absence of moisture is not particularly corrosive and is commonly handled in carbon steel. If any water is present, however, chlorine becomes aggressive to many metals. Similarly, dry hydrogen chloride (HCl) is not corrosive to most metals.
Cold water can hold more dissolved oxygen than warm water. In winter and early spring, when the water temperature is low, the dissolved oxygen concentration is high. In summer and fall, when the water temperature is high, the dissolved-oxygen concentration is often lower.