What happens if you don't bond a pool?

Author: Alva Marquardt  |  Last update: Tuesday, September 19, 2023

Without a bonding system in place, you might conduct stray electrical currents when touching the metal pool rail or pool water.

Can you swim in a pool that isn't bonded?

Bonding and grounding are two of the most essential electrical safety tasks pool owners must perform. Without proper bonding and grounding, you and other pool users run the risk of electric shock when using your pool or equipment.

Is bonding a pool necessary?

It sets up a pool's components so an engineer can easily ground them. Grounding is the second and last step; it connects all a pool's components to a fault-detecting breaker in the ground that catches electrical hazards and stops them in their tracks. Your pool needs bonding and grounding if you want it to be safe.

Do pool pumps need to be bonded?

Yes, generally on a permenent installed pool with pool pump motors you would indeed bond the pool pump motor. It gets bonded to the equipotential plane that is required at the pool.

Do you really need to bond an above ground pool?

Absolutely! Not only do they need to be grounded, but they also need to be bonded. And while most pool users may have never even thought about these types of problems, if you're a swimming pool owner, these are the types of things that you need to understand and control.

Pool Bonding 101: Why Handrails, Coping, and Water Could Shock You

What happens if a above ground pool is not bonded?

One of the potential risks of not pool bonding is that it can lead to dangerous electrical shocks. This is because when there is no pool bonding, the metal parts of the pool (including the ladder, handrails, and diving board) are not properly grounded.

How do I know if my pool is bonded?

First, connect Lead 2 to 4 equal points inside the Pool's Shell along the inside perimeter. The Neutral-To-Earth voltage between the water and all bonded parts was zero, all 4 measurements was 0.86 V - 0.90 V which confirms that the conductive Pool Shell is bonded properly.

How do I know if my above ground pool is bonded?

Loden recommends going out to where your motor and pumps are to check for bonding. Look for an exposed copper wire attached to the motor and pumps, going into the ground. It should connect in a similar way as in the image to the left.

What is the purpose of pool bonding?

Bonding is the process by which the electrical and metallic components of the pool are joined together with a wire to form a non-resistive path between the components. The goal of bonding is to connect, contain and prevent the transmission of any harmful electrical voltage to pool equipment, people and pets.

Does pool bonding go to ground?

Pool Grounding Parts

Once an electrician bonds the pool, they can start working on grounding the system. This process requires more copper wire as well as the GFCI breaker. GFCI breaker: This element directs excess electricity to the ground and cuts power to malfunctioning elements that are shorting or faulting.

What is the difference between bonding and grounding a pool?

Bonding is about making sure that any electrical current that is present around the pool goes through the bonding wire instead of going through you. Grounding rules around a swimming pool are essentially the same as grounding rules for any other line voltage device in your home.

What is difference between grounding and bonding?

Bonding is the connection of non-current-carrying conductive elements like enclosures and structures. Grounding is the attachment of bonded systems to the earth. Both are necessary to safeguard people and property from electric hazards.

How deep should pool bonding be?

Equipotential bonding grid: 18-24 inches from the pool's edge and 4-6 inches below grade level. The grid shall be tied back to the pool (if metal) at four (4) equal points around the pool and shall extend back to the casing of the pool motor. Bonding wire shall be a minimum #8 copper (bare).

When did pool bonding become code?

The 1965 edition changed the ground wire requirement from #14 AWG to the larger #8 AWG, along with other minor additions. Then the 1968 edition introduced the word “bonding” for the unbroken connection between all components that was required, and specified the five-foot radius rule that we know today.

How long does it take for bond coat on pool to dry?

CURING: Minimum cure is reached in 6 hours; setting and drying time may vary according to atmospheric conditions. For best results wait 24 hours before plastering.

Does pool rebar need to be bonded?

All metallic parts of the pool structure, including reinforcing metal not addressed in 680.26(B)(1)(a), shall be bonded.

Do you bond a pool skimmer?

Pool Kits: Swimming pool water bonding kits are placed on the skimmer, in the lower part of the pool skimmer holding basket(the integrity of the bonded connection should be periodically inspected).

What is pool bonding called?

The process of pool bonding, also referred to as equipotential bonding, works to connect all conductive elements in pools, spas, and hot tubs to create a single network that can evenly balance electrical voltage and reduce the risk of shock.

How do you know if your inground swimming pool has a underground leak?

Soft, mushy spots or uneven grass growth around the pool area may indicate a plumbing leak. Erosion due to water movement underground can cause landscaping to shift and sink. Automatic fill devices can hide leaks by keeping the pool filled.

How do I know if my pool is electrified?


Shock Alert will notify you of electricity present in water. If it beeps and flashes red, DO NOT SWIM.

What is an example of a pool bonding?

Examples of objects at a pool that can be touched simultaneously include the concrete decking, ladders, hand rails, light fixtures, drains, and the pool water. An equipotential grid is created by intentionally connecting all these objects together electrically, otherwise known as bonding them together.

What happens if you set up a pool on unlevel ground?

An uneven ground also means that your water level will be off, and your liner can become damaged if it's not lying flat. This can result in tears or rips within your liner, which is certainly something you should avoid. Overall, many things can go wrong if your pool is installed on an uneven surface.

Which is more important grounding or bonding?

It could be said that bonding is more critical than grounding, although that would be misleading because both are essential for a safe electrical system. Some manufacturers suggest that certain types of electrical equipment such as parking lot light fixtures on metal poles should be connected to local ground rods.

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